If you’re eligible for ESA (Employment and Support Allowance) you’ll be put into either:
You'll get a decision letter from from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) telling you which group you’ve been put into. The DWP will make this decision based on the information you put on your ESA50 form and the results of the medical assessment.
You can ask the DWP to re-think their decision. This is called ‘mandatory reconsideration’.
If you’ve been put in the support group, it means the DWP has decided that you can’t work and that it doesn’t expect you to do anything to improve your chances of finding work.
However, if you’re in this group and decide that you want to take part in work-related activity anyway, you can do. Use the contact details on your decision letter to let the DWP know you want to do this. They’ll let you know if there’s any suitable work-related activity going on in your area that you can join.
If you’ve been put into the work-related activity group it means the DWP has decided that your disability or health condition does limit your ability to work right now, but that there are things you can do to improve this.
You’re not expected to look for work, but you can be asked to go to a work-focused interview and then do work-related activities. These activities are things that the DWP thinks will improve your chances of working in the future.
This information comes from CAB.
Hopefully some members will be along soon who can give you some personal experience they've had of ESA groups.